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Baraldi Rita

last modified Dec 18, 2014 09:16 AM
Baraldi Rita
Baraldi Rita

Baraldi Rita


  • Doctor in Agricultural Science, University of Bologna, Italy
  • Senior Scientist at the Institute of Biometeorology (IBIMET) of the National Research Council
  • Since 2009 responsible of the detached branch of IBIMET-CNR in Bologna, Italy

She has been Visiting Scientist at :

  • Plant Hormone Laboratory, USDA, Beltsville, MD, USA for projects on plant hormones

  • Departamento de Ciencias Naturales,Universidad de Rio Cuarto, Argentina on the framework of the Bilateral project CNR-CONICET on the relationship between plant hormones and photomorphogenesis

  • Global Change Research Group, San Diego University, USA for investigation on volatile organic compound emissions from natural ecosystem at different CO2 levels



Her research interest is focused on plant physiology and ecophysiology, investigating the physiological and biochemical parameters in the correlation between resistance and tolerance to biotic and abiotic factors.

Since the beginning of the scientific carrier, her research interest has been focused on Plant Physiology and ecophysiology, including characterization, metabolism and signal transduction of phytohormones, especially auxins and gibberellins and their role as intermediates between the light environment and plant growth and development. For the identification and quantification of plant hormones, a specific methodology for woody tissues has been developed using High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and gas-chromatography associated to mass spectrometry (GC-MS).

She has sound experience on the identification and quantification of the main biogenic volatile organic compounds (VOC) emitted by the leaves and plant canopies by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). She studies the interaction between biosphere and atmosphere with emphasis on the metabolism and physiology of isoprenoid emissions and estimation of biosphere/atmosphere fluxes.

  • 2009-to date Responsible of the detached branch of IBIMET-CNR Bologna, Italy
  • 1999-to date Senior Scientist at IBIMET (ex ISTEA), CNR, Bologna, Italy.
  • 1999/2000 Visiting scientist at the Global Change Research Group, San Diego University, USA for investigation on volatile organic compound emissions from natural ecosystem at different CO2 levels
  • 1993/1995/1996 Visiting scientist at the Departamento de Ciencias Naturales,Universidad de Rio Cuarto, Argentina on the framework of the Bilateral project CNR-CONICET on the relationship between plant hormones and photomorphogenesis
  • 1992/1996/1997 Visiting scientist at Plant Hormone Laboratory, USDA, Beltsville, MD, USA for projects on plant hormones
  • 1981-1984 Fellowship at Istituto di Coltivazioni Arboree, University of Bologna, Italy
  • 1985-1986 Visiting scientist at Plant Hormone Laboratory, USDA, Beltsville, MD, USA for projects on plant hormones.
  • 1984-1999 Scientist at ISTEA, CNR, Bologna, Italy

Research interests:

  • Atmosphere/biosphere exchange
  • Ecophysiological studies on volatile organic compound emission (VOC) from vegetation at plant and ecosystem scale
    Global change.
  • Plant physiology and ecophysiology
  • Auxin and abscisic acid biosynthesis and metabolism in association with various aspects of plant, bacteria and fungal development
  • Phytohormones as intermediates between light signal and morphogenesis



She is investigating the effectiveness of trees and shrubs on CO2 and particulate uptake from the atmosphere and the potentiality to emit VOC that can contribute to the production or reduction of ozone and particles, especially in polluted urban airsheds, in order to provide useful information for the suitability of vegetation to improve air quality in urban environment.

Component of the Editorial Board

  • Plant Growth Regulation
  • Journal of Life Science


Current Scientific responsibility of research projects:

Other scientific responsablility:

  • Scientific responsible of the research line "Global change and physiology of natural and cultivated plants".

  • Italian responsible for the bilateral project Italy/Argentina "Interaction between light and hormones in the regulation of shoot growth".

  • Scientific responsible for the PAT/CNR program "Analysis and researches for the agroindustrial system" (PROMETAVIT).

  • Scientific responsible of the CIBA-IBIMET research program "Light spectral quality effects on the photomorphogenic processes in plants

  • Scientific responsible of the CSF-IBIMET research project “Environmental impact of urban forests in terms of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) emission, CO2 sequestration and pollutant uptake“


Scientific collaboration of research projects:

  • MIPAF research program "Plant protection thought molecular markers" (PROMAR).
  • Biatex 2  Project "Atmosphere-Biosphere Exchange of Pollutant" Subproject- EUROTRAC (European Experiment on the Transport and Transformation of  Environmentally Relevant Tree Gas Constituents in the Troposphere over Europe)
  • European Project MEDEFLU "European Community Fluxes in Mediterranean Area)
  • European Project FUTURE_VOC "Biogenic volatile organic compound (BVOC) emission of European forests under CO2 levels: influence on compound composition and source strength"
  • PianosaLab Project "Development and implementation of a ground station to study the greenhouse gas exchange from vegetation and atmosphere"
  • MIUR-FISR CarboItaly project " Innovative instruments for the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol: Italian measurement network & national prediction  system of forest and agricultural carbon sink and national-scale assessment of productivity and carbon sequestration of Italian forests".
  • MIUR Project "Mediterranean forests and drought: mechanism of resistance and vulnerability"
  • MIUR project "Innovative techniques for the remote sensing of vegetation carbon balance"
  • MIUR project "Molecular and hormonal bases involved in the switch of the cellular fate and in the totipotency of higher plants"
  • CRPV Project "Strategie di prevenzione per la salvaguardia della produzione di actinidia affetta da forme croniche di deperimento lignicolo (carie ed   elefantiasi)
  • Comune di Parma “Redazione del piano pluriennale di adeguamento del patrimonio arboreo cittadino con funzione di Biocompensazione”
  • Comune di Pistoia “ Valutazione dell’uso del verde per la mitigazione del rumone del trafficolo auto veicolare, degli inquinanti gassosi e delle polveri sottili”.
  • Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico “Nuovo processo di produzione di biogas pulito da discariche o da biomasse rinnovabili da utilizzare come carburante alternativo per la produzione di energia elettrica rinnovabile”
  • Consolidere Ingenio Montes CSD2008-00040 “Spanish woodlands and global change: threats and opportunity” del Ministery of Science of the Spanish Government


Teaching activities

  • “Analitical techniques for auxin studies: microscale isolation technique for quantitative GC-MS analysis of indole-3-acetic acid from cherry” at the Horticultural Crops Quality Laboratory of Beltsville, USA
  • Teaching of doctorate courses in “auxin, chemistry, metabolism and physiology” at Rio Quarto University, Argentina
  • “Interaction between light and auxin on in vitro rooting” at the l’Horticultural Crops Quality Laboratory of Beltsville, USA
  • "Auxins, chemistry, metabolism and physiology; methods of isolation and quantification in plant tissues" ” at Rio Quarto University, Argentina
  • Teaching of doctorate courses in “Measuraments of VOC with the technique of Relaxed Eddy Accumulation (REA)”  at the University of Naple, Federico II, Italy
  • Teaching of doctorate courses in “ Function of hormone and sugar metabolism on plant growth and development, also in relation to environmental stresses” “ VOC emission: Ecophysiological and environmental roles”, University of Sassari, Italy




  1. Baraldi R., Cristoferi G., Facini., Facini O., Lercari B., 1992. The effect of light quality in Prunus cerasus. I. Photoreceptors involved in internode elongation and leaf expansion in juvanile plants. Photochem. Photobiol., 56(4):541-544.
  2. Rossi F., Baraldi R., Lercari B., 1993. Photomorphogenic effects on in vitro rooting of Prunus rootstock GF 655-2. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 32:145-151.
  3. Baraldi R., Cohen J.D., Bertazza G., Predieri S., 1993. Uptake and metabolism of indole-3-butyric acid during the in vitro rooting phase in pear cultivars (Pyrus communis) Acta Hort. 329:289-291.
  4. Baraldi R., Rossi F., Facini O., Fasolo F., Rotondi A., Magli M., Nerozzi F., 1994. Light environment, growth and morphogenesis in a peach tree canopy. Physiol. Plant. 91:339-345 Pubbl. PF RAISA n.1239
  5. Rapparini F., Baraldi R., Bertazza G., Predieri S., Branzanti B., 1994. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation of micropropagated fruit trees. J. Hort. Science 69(6)1101-1109
  6. Baraldi R., Bertazza G., Bregoli A., Fasolo F., Rotondi A., Predieri S., Serafini-Fracassini D., Slovin J.P., Cohen J.D., 1995. Auxins and polyamines in relation to differential in vitro root induction on microcuttings of two pear cultivars. J.Plant Growth Regul. 14:49-59. Pubbl. PF RAISA1986
  7. Bertazza G., Baraldi R., Predieri S., 1995 Light effects on in vitro rooting of pear cultivars of different rhizogenic ability. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 4:139-143
  8. Baraldi R., Bertazza G., Bogini J., Luna V., Bottini R. 1995 The effect of light quality on Prunus cerasus II. Changes in hormone levels in plants grown under different light conditions. Photochem. Photobiol., 63(4):800-803 Pubbl.PF RAISA 2126
  9. Rapparini F., Baraldi R., Bertazza G. 1996. Growth and carbohydrate status of Pyrus communis L. plantlets inoculated with Glomus sp. Agronomie, 16:563-571
  10. Biondi S., Lenzi C., Baraldi R., Bagni N. 1997. Hormonal effects on growth and morphology of normal and hairy roots of Hyoscyamus muticus. J. Plant Growth Regul. 16:159-167
  11. Volmaro C., Ponton M., Luna V., Baraldi R., Bottini R. 1998. Blue light effects on hypocotyl elongation of etiolated seedlings of Lactuca sativa (L) cv Grand Rapids related to exogenous growth regulators and endogenous IAA, GA3 and abscissic acid. Plant Growth Regul. 26:165-173.
  12. Bastian F, Cohen A, Piccoli P, Luna V, Baraldi R, Bottini R. 1998 Production of indole-3-acetic acid and gibberellins A1 and A3 by Acetobacter diazotrophicus and Herbaspirillum seropedicae in chemically-defined culture media. Plant Growth Regulation 24: 7–11.
  13. Baraldi R., Rapparini F., Rotondi A., Bertazza G. 1998 Effects of simulated light environments on growth and leaf morphology of peach plants. J. Hort. Science and Techn. 73(2): 251-258
  14. Pellegrini, Bettini, La Scala, Boscherini, Baraldi R., Cristoferi G., Buiatti 1998 Modification of competence for response to Fusarium oxysporum sp lycopersici in tomato cell. Increased tolerance of plants  regenerated from high polysaccharide selected cells. J. Genetic and Breed. 52: 233-241
  15. Rapparini F., Rotondi A., Baraldi R., 1999. Blue light regulation of the growth of Prunus persica plants in a long term experiment: morphological and hystological observations. Trees-structure and function, 14: 169-176
  16. Baraldi R., Rapparini F., Rossi F., Latella A., Ciccioli P., 1999. Volatile organic compound emissions from flowers of the most occurring and economically important species of fruit trees. Phys. Chem. Earth (B) vol. 24(6): 729-732
  17. Bastian F., Rapparini F., Baraldi R., Piccoli P., Bottini R. 1999. Inoculation with Acetobacter diatrophycus increases glucose and fructose content in shoots of Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench. Symbiosis, 27(2): 147-156
  18. Predieri S., Rapparini F., Baraldi R. 1999. Detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by fruit trees in tissue culture. ISHS “Methods and Markers for Quality Assurance in Micropropagation”, Irlanda, Agosto, pp 212-213
  19. Lobello G., Fambrini M., Baraldi R., Lercari B., Pugliesi C. 2000 Hormonal influence on photocontrol of the protandry in the genus Helianthus. J. Exp. Bot. 51(349): 1403-1412
  20. Rapparini F., Baraldi R. and Facini O. 2001. Seasonal variation of monoterpene emission from Malus domestica and Prunus avium. Phytochemistry (57): 681-687
  21. Loreto F., Centritto M., Baraldi R., Rapparini F. and Liu S. 2002. Emission of isoprenoids from natural vegetation in the Beijing region (Northen China). Plant Biosystems, 136 (2) 251-256
  22. Liang B., Baraldi R, and F. Rapparini. 2003 Study on diurnal variation of terpenoid compounds emitted by Pistacia lentiscus and its emission rate. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium 39 (4): 517-521.
  23. Baraldi R., Rapparini F., Oechel W. C., Hastings S. J., Bryant P., Cheng Y. & Miglietta F. 2004 Monoterpene emission responses to elevated CO2 in a Mediterranean-type ecosystem. New Phytologist,  161: 17-21.
  24. Rapparini F., Baraldi R., Miglietta F. & Loreto F. 2004. Isoprenoid emission in trees of Quercus pubescens and Quercus ilex with lifetime exposure to naturally high CO2 environment. Plant Cell & Environment 27 (4): 381-391.
  25. Baraldi R., Vaccari F.P., Colom M.R., Cotrufo MF. And D’Acqui LP. 2004 The Pianosa_LAB:An integrated research project to assess the carbon balance of Pianosa island. J. Medit. Ecology, 5(1): 5-13
  26. Ciccioli P., Baraldi R., Mannozzi M., Rapparini F., Nardino M., Miglietta F., Brancaleoni E., Frattoni M. 2004. Emission and flux of terpenoids released from the terrestrial ecosystems present in the Pianosa island. J. Medit. Ecology 5(1): 41-51
  27. Colom M.R., Vaccari F.P., Scartazza A., Brugnoli E., Zerbi G., Sforzi S., Baraldi R., Cotrufo M.F., D’Acqui L., Santi C., Vazzana C., Vivoli R., Spaccino L. 2004. Pianosa Island: Structure, Functioning and Biodiversity of Main Ecosystems”. J. Medit. Ecology 5(1): 53-60
  28. Fambrini M., Monsignori E., Rapparini F., Cionini G., Michelotti V., Bertini D., Baraldi R., Pugliesi C.  2006. Stem fascinated, a recessive mutation in sunflower (Helianthus anuus), alters plant morphology and auxin level. Annals of Botany, 98 (4):715-730
  29. Baraldi R., Rapparini F., Facini O., Spano D., Duce P. 2006. Isoprenoid emissions and physiological activities of Mediterranean macchia vegetation under field conditions. J. Medit. Ecology 6(1):3-9
  30. Antognoni F., Zheng S P, Pagnucco C., Baraldi R., Poli F., Biondi S. 2007. Induction of flavonoid production by UV-B radiation in Passiflora quadrangularis tissue culture. Fitoterapia 78:345-352
  31. Baraldi R, Isacchi B., Predieri S, Marconi G, Vincieri FF, Bilia AR. 2008 Distribution of artemisinin and bioactive flavonoids from Artemisia annua L.  during plant growth. Biochemical Systematics and ecology, 36(5-6):340-348
  32. Baraldi R, Canaccini F, Cortes S, Magnani F, Rapparini F, Zamboni A, Raddi S. 2008. The role of xanthophyll cycle-mediated photoprotection in Arbutus unedo plants exposed to water stress during the Mediterranean summer. Photosynthetica 46(3): 378-386
  33. Centritto M., Di Bella CM., Baraldi R., Beget ME., Kemerer A., Rapparini F., Oricchio P., Rebella C., Loreto F. 2008. Monoterpene emissions from three Nothofagus species in Patagonia, Argentina. J. Plant Interaction, Vol 3, n. 2: 119-125
  34. Chiappetta A, Fambrini M., Petrarulo M., Rapparini F., Michelotti V, Bruno I, M. Greco; Baraldi R, Salvini M., Pugliesi C., Bitonti MB. 2009 Ectopic expression of leafy cotyledon1-like gene and localized auxin accumulation mark embryogenic competence in epiphyllous plants of Helianthus annuus x H. tuberosus. Annals of Botany; 103:735-747
  35. Ripullone F, Borghetti M, Raddi S, Vicinelli E, Baraldi R, Guerrieri MR, Nolè A, Magnani F, 2009 Physiological and structural changes in response to altered precipitation regimes in a Mediterranean macchia ecosystem Trees, Structure and Function. 23:823-834
  36. Serafini-Fracassini D., Tassoni A., Franceschetti M., Biondi S., Antognoni F., Pistocchi R., Speranza A., Altamura AA., Mengoli M., Fornalè S., Calzoni GL., Scaramagli S., Scoccianti V., Falasca G., Biasi R., Mandrioli P., Puppi G., D’Orazi D., Creus Alluè J., Della Mea M., Baraldi R., Torrigiani P., 2009.  16. From bioassays to  molecular biology: The 46 years of a plant polyamine scientist. Biologically Active Amines and Related Enzymes: Biochemical, Physiological and Clinical Aspects. pp 287-321; ISBN: 978-81-7895-433-2. Ed. Toninello A.
  37. Bandurski RS, Baraldi R, Cohen JD, Ilic N, Ludwig-Muller J, Michalczuk L.,  Salopek-Sondi B. 2009 In Memory of Dr. Volker Magnus, Plant Biologist TRIBUTE. J Plant Growth Regul.28 (4): 305-308
  38. Bettini P., E. Santaangelo, M. Marvasi, L. Melani, P. Mosconi, P. Crinò, R. Baraldi, F. Rapparini, M.L. Mauro, D. Bindi, M. Buiatti 2010. The insertion of different copy number of Agrobacterium rhizogenes rolC gene in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) strongly affects plant architecture through a lowering of IAA levels. Scientia Hortic 123: 323-328
  39. R.Baraldi,  F. Rapparini, G.Tosi, S. Ottoni 2010. New aspects on the impact of vegetation in urban environment. Acta Hortic 881: 543-546
  40. Ripullone F., Rivelli AR:, Baraldi R., Guarini R., Guerrini MR., Magnani F., Peñuelas J., Borghetti M. 2011. Effectiveness of the photochemical reflectance index to track photosynthetic activity over a range of forest tree species and plant water stress. Functional Plant Biology, 38, 177-186
  41. Federica Rossi, Rita Baraldi, Marianna Nardino, Francesca Rapparini, Teodoro Georgiadis 2011. Downscaling of ecophysiological information from natural communities to urban trees. J. Agrometeorology 2:29-32
  42. C. Chieco, A. Rotondi, L. Morrone, F. Rapparini and R. Baraldi 2012 A novel ethanol-based fixation method suitable for leaf anatomical and micro-morphological characterization of tree species. Biotechnic & Histochemistry DOI:10.3109/10520295.2012.746472
  43. Sæbø A, Hanslin H.M., Baraldi R., Rapparini F., Gawronska H.,  and Gawronski S.W. 2013. Urban Greening Contribute to Better Air Quality; Plant Choices Matter. ISHS 2nd Symposium on Woody Ornamentals of the Temperate Zone Acta Hortic. 990:509-516
  44. Peñuelas, J., Guenther, A., Rapparini, F., Llusia, J., Filella, I., Seco, R., Estiarte, M., Mejia-Chang, M., Ogaya, R., Ibañez, J., Sardans, J.,  Castaño, L.M., Turnipseed, A., Duhl, T.,  Harley, P., Patton, N., Vila, J., Estavillo, J.M., Villanueva, S., Facini, O., Baraldi, R., Geron, C., Mak, J., Greenberg, J. 2013. Intensive measurements of gas, water, and energy exchange between vegetation and troposphere during the MONTES Campaign in a vegetation gradient from short semi-desertic shrublands to tall wet temperate forests in the NW Mediterranean basin. Atmospheric Environment, 75:348-364
  45. Baraldi R., Rapparini F., Facini O., Kamper Pacheco C.J., Matteucci G., Brancaleoni E., Ciccioli P. 2014. Biogenic Volatile Organic Compound emissions. In: The greenhouse gas balance of Italy. Environmental Science & Engineering, ISBN 978-3-642-32423-9; pg 33-39